Protected areas and institutions of natural resource management

National Parks

Protected areas are generally perceived as efficient instruments for the preservation of plants and animals and biodiversity. However, since protected areas restrict access to economically and culturally valued resources on the one hand and establish sources of income through tourism, development projects and also fines against intruders (e.g. poachers) they are highly contested arenas of political confrontation and ideological contestation between various groups of actors – actors ranging from local farmers, herders, and hunters to representatives of the local state (such as foresters) and international conservation agents.

Three anthropological research projects scrutinize in ethnographic detail the social and political dynamics that are triggered off by the biosphere reserves and national parks Pendjari and W in Northern Benin.

Kesseler, Sascha (ongoing): Kommunikations- und Handlungsräume in der lokalen Politik des Pendjari Biosphärenreservats (Nordbenin). Interessengruppen, Strategien und Konflikte um Ressourcen. PhD thesis.

Volk, Bianca (ongoing): Der Parc W als Feld politischer Interaktionen: Akteure, Ressourcen, Konflikte. PhD thesis.

Löhde, Barbara (2012): Encounters in the Conservation Arena. Rangers, Herders, Cultivators and Poachers in the W National Park, Benin. M.A. thesis. Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz.

The research was part of the research project

BIOTA West III: The Socio-political Dimension of Land Use and Biodiversity Conservation in West Africa

Duration: 15.03.2007 – 30.06.2010

Funding: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)

Cotton Production and Biodiversity Conservation

Affo, Fabien (2012): Production cotonnière et enjeux locaux à Banikoara au Bénin: Une analyse sociologique des politiques publiques. Saarbrücken: Editions universitaires européennes (also Dissertation, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou).

The research was part of the research project

BIOTA West III: The Socio-political Dimension of Land Use and Biodiversity Conservation in West Africa.

Duration: 15.03.2007 – 30.06.2010

Funding: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)

Local Plant Knowledge and Ressource Management in South-eastern Burkina Faso and Northern Benin

Korbéogo, Gabin (2013): Pouvoir et accès aux ressources naturelles au Burkina Faso: La topographie du pouvoir. Paris: Harmattan (also Dissertation, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz).

Langewiesche, Katrin (2004): Les limites du reboisement au Burkina Faso et au Bénin. Politique Africaine 96: 196–211.

Langewiesche, Katrin (2006): La forêt, les ancêtres et le marché. Perceptions locales de la forêt et de ses changements au Nord-Bénin. Afrika Spectrum 41: 221-248.

Mannah, Annika (2009): Heiltraditionen und Biodiversität: Die traditionelle Medizin der Baatombu Nordbenins. Dissertation, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz.

The research was part of the research project

BIOTA West 11: Phytodiversity in the West African Sahel and Sudan Zone – Development and Evaluation

Duration: 01.01.2001 – 31.12.2006

Funding: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)